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Special Collections: Guide to the Frank G. Speck Penobscot Indian Photographs

Collection title: Frank G. Speck Penobscot Indian Photographs
Collection number: MS 1431 sc
Dates of collection: 1911?
Size of collection: 4 folders

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains copies of photographs of Penobscot Indian life taken in the field by Frank G. Speck around 1911, as well as copies of some photographs collected by him. The original photographs belong to the University of Pennsylvania Museum in Philadelphia. Many pieces depicted now belong to the National Museum of the American Indian, George Gustav Heye Center. George Heye sponsored some of Speck's work. The photographs depict individual Penobscot Indians as well as objects such as baskets, snowshoes, tools, clothing, etc.

The list that follows was provided in October 2007 by Alex Pezzati, archivist at the University of Pennsylvania Museum. Additions were made to some entries from information written on the photographs in Special Collections by an unknown person. Such additions are enclosed in parentheses.

Contents of Collection

Speck Collection photograph numbers

Number Locality Culture Description
11586 Maine Penobscot Boys; Boy of Attean family (Elmer?)
11587 Maine Penobscot Clara Paul, a Penobscot girl. A young girl posed with a bow and arrow on a flooring of straw
11849 Maine Penobscot Cradle board
11850 Maine Penobscot Sled (object number: Heye 2/8137)
11851 Maine Penobscot Knives (Heye Collection)
11852 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Heye Collection)
11853 Maine Penobscot Birchbark moosecall, 2 birchbark boxes (Heye 2/5874)
11897 Pipe stems with quilled decoration (Heye 2/3339, 2/3272, 2/939, 2/8706, 3/2854) (2/3339 is Catlin and is probably Sioux)
11913 Maine Penobscot Two Penobscot men posed in front of a house. (Frank Loring on left). Snowshoes with baskets surrounding them.
11915 Maine Penobscot Penobscot women: Elsie Paul Tomer and Marie Lewis Morris.
11916 Maine Penobscot Francis Nicola and Myra Andrews posed outside.
11917 Maine Penobscot A group of men in the woods. An unidentified man kneels in the snow in front of three men. Governor Peter Nelson appears to be the figure in the center back row.
11918 Maine Penobscot Two Penobscot men; Nick Solomon and John Susep.
11919 Maine Penobscot Unidentified Penobscot man posed outside.
11920 Maine Penobscot Nick Solomon.
11921 Maine Penobscot Four Penobscot men posed outside with snowshoes.
11922 Maine Penobscot Big Madeline (Mudlin)
11923 Maine Penobscot Unidentified Penobscot woman (Big Madeline?)
11924 Maine Penobscot Unidentified Penobscot woman (Big Madeline?)
11925 Maine Penobscot Nick Andrews.
11926 Maine Penobscot Unidentified Penobscot man (Penobscot Governor Peter Nelson?).
11927 Maine Penobscot Penobscot Governor Peter Nelson. An off-center portrait of Mr. Nelson in an embroidered vest and white collared shirt, arms crossed.
11928 Maine Penobscot Penobscot Governor Peter Nelson.
11929 Maine Penobscot Nick Andrews.
11966 Maine Penobscot Birchbark lodge


12947 various various (a) Great Lakes - Potowatomi - “Prescription Stick” (Heye Collection) (b) Maine - Penobscot - Elkskin band, quill, flint, and wooden scratches (surgical appliances (Heye Collection) (c) Southeast - Cherokee - Surgical appliance: cupping horn (Surgical appliance) (d) Ksasati (?) - Surgical appliances: lancets (Heye Collection) (e) Southwest - Comanche - Surgical appliance: stone to heat to produce counter irritation (Heye Collection)
13000 Maine Penobscot Leggings (NA3619)
13007 Maine Penobscot Birchbark boxes (Probably not Univ. Museum)
13009 Maine Penobscot Gaming tray and dice (Univ. Mus. or Heye Collect.)
13010 Maine Penobscot Basket (Univ. Mus. or Heye Collection)
13011 Maine Penobscot Basket (Univ. Mus. or Heye Collection)
13012 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Heye Collection)
13013 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Heye Collection)
13014 Maine Penobscot Dolls, Games, Amulets (Heye Collection)
13015 Maine Penobscot Wooden Bowl (Heye Collection)
13016 Maine Penobscot War club (Heye Collection)
13017 Maine Penobscot Paddles, pot hook, and backscratcher (Heye Collection)
13018 Maine Penobscot Burden strap and bag (Heye Collection)
13019 Maine Penobscot Pouch with quill embroidery (Heye Collection)
13020 Maine Penobscot Pouch with moosehair embroidery, Collar with bead embroidery (Heye Collection)
13021 Maine Penobscot Pouches of complete animal skins (Heye Collect.)
13022 Maine Penobscot Game[?] Necklace (Heye Collection)
13023 Maine Penobscot Snowshoes (Heye Collection)
13024 Maine Penobscot “’Big Thunder’ Chief of Penobscots.” Postcard with 1906 postmark. Postcard listed as “No. 760 Moore & Gibson Co. New York, Germany.” Frank Loring.
13430 Maine Penobscot (a) Maine - Penobscot - Wooden snowshoes (Univ. of Penn. [?]) (b) Snowshoe (made at the same time as the negative for Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society VI, 1937, Davidson “Snowshoes”, but not used for that publication)
13858 Maine Penobscot Penobscot man with spear on edge of the water. (Joseph Solomon?).
13861 Maine Penobscot Man with beadwork collar and cuffs, 1911.
13865 Maine Penobscot Penobscot governor, Peter Nicola.
13898 Maine Penobscot Woman and children in camp. (Mamie Joseph Sapiel, Francis Joseph, Russell Joseph?)
13907 Maine Penobscot Girl, modern style (Elizabeth Mitchell Bernard?).
13933 Maine Penobscot Old Town, Group of Penobscots (Solomon family and Elizabeth Mitchell Bernard?).
13937 Maine Penobscot Hunter (John Robert Mitchell?)
13962 Maine Penobscot Man, 1911 (Nick Solomon in Lincoln?)
13964 Maine Penobscot Man and son with fishing poles, baskets and snowshoes (Andrew Dana and his grandfather Frank at Lincoln, Me.?).
13970 Maine Penobscot Dice bowl game (Object Number 3115)
13979 Maine Penobscot Man: John (Buck) Andrew
13981 Maine Penobscot Boy with feather hat (John Robert Mitchell).
14275 Maine Penobscot Silver discs- Brooches (Not in Museum 1947)
14276 Maine Penobscot Hafted stone axe (Not in Museum 1947)
14277 Maine Penobscot Stone blades (Not in Museum 1947)
14278 Maine Penobscot Tobacco pipes (one is Heye 2/8200)
14279 Maine Penobscot Cradle board [Museum Journal II,1, fig. 19] (Heye 9628)
14280 Maine Penobscot Cradle board [Museum Journal II,1, fig. 19] (Heye 9628)
14283 Maine Penobscot Birchbark dishes, pots, boxes (Heye 9628)
14284 Maine Penobscot Birchbark dishes, pots, boxes (Heye 9628)
14285 Maine Penobscot Birchbark dishes, pots, boxes (Heye 9628)
14286 Maine Penobscot Birchbark dishes, pots, boxes (Heye 9628)
14287 Maine Penobscot Birchbark dishes, pots, boxes (Heye 9628)
14288 Maine Penobscot Powder horns (Not Univ. Museum)
14289 Maine Penobscot Spoons (Not Univ. Museum)
14290 Maine Penobscot Combs and brushes (Not Univ. Museum)
14291 Jewelry
14292 Jewelry
14294 Maine Penobscot Wampum: necklaces (Not Univ. Museum)
14295 Maine Penobscot Wampum: collar [Museum Journal II, 1, fig. 18] (Not Univ. Museum)
14296 Maine Penobscot Embroidered cloth collar and legging (Not Univ. Museum)
14297 Maine Penobscot Ceremonial cape (Not Univ. Museum 1947)
14298 Maine Penobscot Leggings (Not Univ. Museum)
14299 Clothing
14302 Coat
14303 Maine Penobscot Child’s coat (Not Univ. Museum 1947)
14304 Maine Penobscot Embroidered (beaded) cloth collars and cuffs (Not Univ. Museum)
14305 Maine Penobscot Embroidered (beaded) cloth collars and cuffs (Not Univ. Museum)
14306 Maine Penobscot Embroidered (beaded) cloth collars and cuffs (Not Univ. Museum)
14307 Maine Penobscot Belt with arrows (Not Univ. Museum)
14308 Maine Penobscot Decorated pouch (Not Univ. Museum) 2 copies of photograph
14309 Maine Penobscot Moccasins (Not Univ. Museum)
14310 Maine Penobscot Moccasins (Not Univ. Museum)
14312 Maine Penobscot Baskets (Not Univ. Museum)
14313 Maine Penobscot Baskets (Heye 2/8071)
14314 Maine Penobscot Baskets (Not Univ. Museum 1947)
14315 Maine Penobscot Baskets (Not Univ. Museum 1947)
14317 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Not Univ. Museum)
14318 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Not Univ. Museum)
14319 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Not Univ. Museum)
14320 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Not Univ. Museum)
14321 Maine Penobscot Basket-making tools (Not Univ. Museum)
14356 Maine Penobscot Snowshoes (Not Univ. Museum)
14358 Maine Penobscot Snowshoes (Not Univ. Museum)
14684 Maine Penobscot Covered basket (2327)
14685 Maine Penobscot Birchbark kettle (1137)
14686 Maine Penobscot Baby carried on cradle board (1130)
14687 Maine Penobscot Straps of bark (1192)
14689 Maine Penobscot Men’s leggings (2325)
23037 Maine Penobscot Model of Penobscot Indian village, Frame 6 of filmstrip, “Life of the Woodland Indians” (Made by W.C. Orchard, Postcard 227)
139083 Maine Penobscot Birch-bark canoes (Francis Stanislaus?)


Finding Aids for selected manuscript collections in the Special Collections Department at Fogler Library are accessible online in URSUS, in a browsable Guide to Manuscript Collections. Please contact Special Collections at spc@umit.maine.edu or (207) 581-1686 for further information.

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Special Collections Staff: spc@umit.maine.edu | Revised: 01/10/2014
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