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Special Collections: Guide to the Duncan Howlett Papers

Arranged and described by Brenda Howitson Steeves
Raymond H. Fogler Library Special Collections Department
July 2004
 
Introduction and Summary Information
 
Collection Title: Duncan Howlett Papers.
Dates of the Collection: 1968-1998 (inclusive); 1974-1988 (bulk).
Provenance: The Howlett papers came to the Special Collections Department as a gift from Duncan Howlett in 1999.
Collection Number: MS 254.
Box Numbers: 1-9 (formerly Boxes 2680-2691).
Size and Arrangement: The collection consists of 9 archival record cartons (9.4 cubic feet).
Conservation Note: The collection has been re-housed in acid-free folders and boxes. Metal fasteners have been removed, and photographs have been housed in polypropylene sleeves.
Preferred Citation: Duncan Howlett Papers, Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine.
Restrictions on Access and Use: Kept at Fogler Library's offsite storage facility. One week's notice required for retrieval.

Biography
 
The collection contains the papers of Duncan Howlett of Center Lovell, Maine, a minister, author, and forester. They concern his activities as a small woodland owner and as one of the founders of the Small Woodland Owners Association of Maine.
 
Duncan Howlett was born in 1906 in Newton, Massachusetts. He attended Harvard, receiving an LLB degree in 1931. After practicing law for two years, he returned to Harvard in 1933 to study religion, receiving an STB degree in 1936. He was ordained to the Unitarian ministry in 1936 and served in churches in Salem, New Bedford, and Boston, Massachusetts. In 1958 he went to All Souls Church, Unitarian in Washington, D.C., from which he retired in 1968. He was appointed in May, 1968 to Hubert Humphrey’s presidential campaign staff. A short time later, he moved to Center Lovell, Maine, and began to manage the forestland adjacent to his home. Its 755 acres were certified as a new tree farm in August, 1969. Interested in good forestry management and realizing the challenge this presented, in 1971 he enrolled in the School of Forest Resources at the University of Maine at Orono. He also became deeply involved in various forestry and conservation organizations, serving on the boards of directors of the American Forestry Association, the Forest History Society, and the Natural Resources Council of Maine.
 
In 1975, he was one of the founders and first president of the Small Woodland Owners Association of Maine. Organized by a group of private non-industrial woodland owners and with the slogan, “Feet on the ground, hands on the trees,” the group aimed to assist its members, most of whom did their own work, in learning how to manage their woodlots and use machinery properly. Since its founding, the group has expanded to more than 2,750 members in nine regional chapters and conducts more than 50 workshops and programs each year. In 1990 SWOAM established a land trust program to protect productive forestland; this has grown to encompass over 900 acres, including the Duncan Howlett Forest, 300 acres of woodland in Lovell, Maine donated in 1991.
 
Duncan Howlett died on May 19, 2003 at 97 years of age.
 
Scope and Content Note
 
The collection contains subject files documenting Duncan Howlett’s involvement in various forestry and conservation organizations. Of particular interest are his files from his work with the Small Woodland Owners Association of Maine (SWOAM). The collection had been re-foldered at an earlier point by library staff; its arrangement alphabetically by subject has been retained.
 
Represented in the collection are materials from Rev. Howlett’s terms of office on the boards of directors and various committees of the American Forestry Association, the Forest History Society, and the Natural Resources Council of Maine. These files include minutes of meetings, correspondence, financial information, and conference and membership information. The records for the Small Woodland Owners Association are especially complete and include board and committee meeting minutes, correspondence, financial statements, grant applications, newsletters, and planning documents.
 
The collection also contains files on Howlett’s Christmas tree business, research and information files on forestry, lumber and paper companies, and forestry and conservation activities in the state of Maine and other relevant states. Also included are files documenting Rev. Howlett’s course of study at the University of Maine’s Forestry School; these include articles, coursework, and student papers.
 
The final section of the collection contains research materials and drafts of articles Rev. Howlett wrote after visiting forests in Finland and Scotland.
 
Publications removed from the collection are listed in a separation record found at the end of this finding aid.
 
The user should also note that the Moulton Library of Bangor Theological Seminary, Bangor, Maine, holds most of Rev. Howlett’s theological books and personal papers, including copies of the sermons he preached from 1934 to 1986.
 
Box List
 
Box 1
 
Folder
 
1 American Forest Institute: American tree farm system
2 American Forest Institute: Brochures, etc.
 
American Forestry Association
 
3 The AFA in the eighties: 1980
4 AFA Public Affairs/ Communications Program, 1982
5 Annual meetings, 1974-1979
6 Annual meetings, 1980-1981
7 Board of Directors, 1979-1985
8 Board meetings, 1976-1979, minutes, etc.
9 Board meetings, 1980-1982, minutes, etc.
10 Board meetings, 1983-1984, minutes, etc.
11 Brochures, etc.
12 Big tree program
13 By-laws Committee, 1977
14 By-laws, 1980-1981
15 Candidates:1982 Elections Committee
16 Capital campaign, 1980
17 Capital fund: Maine
18 Committees, 1978
19 Communications audit of the AFA, July 1, 1981
20 Conservation Corps proposal, 1981
21 The Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 by William E. Towell,
Executive Vice President, AFA
22 Correspondence, 1968, 1970-1977
23 Correspondence, 1978-1980
24 Correspondence, 1981-1982
25 Correspondence, 1983-1984
26 Editor search, 1977
27 Executive Committee meetings, 1979-1984
28 Expenses to attend meetings, etc., 1977-1984
29 Financial statements, etc., 1976-1977, 1980-1982
30 Financial statements, etc., 1983-1984
31 Five year program, 1981- 1985
32 Forest Service and Soil Conservation Service reorganization, 1978
33 General, 1971, 1977-1981
34 General, 1982-1985
 
 
Box 1 cont.
 
American Forestry Association cont.
 
Folder
 
35 Legislation, 1979
36 Membership, 1977-1984
37 Memos: Officers and directors, 1978-1979
38 National Conference on Renewable Natural Resources,
Nov. 30- Dec. 3, 1980
39 Politics at the national level in land use allocation, presentation by Rexford Resler, Executive Vice President, AFA, 1980
40 Position papers
 
Box 2
 
1 Publications, reports, etc.
2 “Renewing the Living Earth” manuscript, 1988
3 Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Long-Range Planning, Mar., 1979
4 Second National Urban Forestry Conference, 1982
5 7th Congress: AFA, 1983
6 South America tour, 1981
7 Brazil forestry
8 Future of forestry in Brazil
9 Brazil: Jari
10 Brazil: Berenhauser story
11 U.S. Soil Conservation Service, 1982
12 Watt, James (Secretary of the Interior)
13-14 Workshop: Forest Practices and Water Quality, October 15-16, 1975
 
15 Catalogues: Ben Meadows Forestry and Engineering Supplies- 9th ed.
16 Catalogues: Forestry Suppliers, Inc.
17 Catalogues: TSI Supply
 
18 Christmas trees: Advertising
19 Christmas trees: Balsam: Gall midge & twig aphid
20 Christmas trees: Correspondence, bills, etc., 1968-1990
21 Christmas trees: Diseases & insects
22 Christmas trees: Growing
23 Christmas trees: Herbicides
24 Christmas trees: Insurance
25 Christmas trees: Maine Christmas Tree Association records
26 Christmas trees: Pesticides
27 Christmas trees: Photographs, news clippings, etc.
28 Christmas trees: Program for spraying
Box 2 cont.
 
Folder
 
29 Christmas trees: Records
30 Christmas trees: Ribbons
31 Christmas trees: Sales
32 Christmas trees: Sales tax
33 Christmas trees: Spruce gall aphid
34 Christmas trees: Tallies
35 Christmas trees: White pine weevil
 
36 Clemson University, Dept. of Forestry lecture, etc., 1975
37 Conferences: N.E. Forest Land Use Policy Symposium- May 23-24, 1972
38 Conferences: Public Policy Forum on Forest Resources, undated
39 Conferences: Timber Resources Conference- May, 1972
40 Conferences: Proceedings of the conference on forestland use regulations
for mountain soils, 1975
41 Council on Environmental Quality confirmation hearings, June, 1981
42 Countries: Canada: Forestry
43 Countries: Canada: Reaching the small woodlot owner [Thesis, 1979,
University of New Brunswick]
44 Countries: Germany
45 Countries: New Zealand
46 Countries: Paraguay
47 Dickey- Lincoln Dam: National Wildlife Federation & Natural Resources Council of Maine material
 
Box 3
 
1 East- West Highway information
2 East- West Highway: “Northern New England East- West highway study”
 
Forest History Society
 
3 By-laws Committee, 1977-1978
4 Articles of incorporation
5 Annual meeting, 1971: Report of Executive Director
6 Annual meeting, 1975-1978
7 Annual meeting, 1979-1983
8 Board of Directors: Memos, etc., 1976-1980
9 Board of Directors: Memos, etc., 1981-1983
10 Correspondence, 1970, 1975-1987
11 Executive Committee minutes, 1977-1983
12 Financial information, 1976-1983
Box 3 cont.
 
Forest History Society cont.
 
Folder
 
13 General, 1976-1977
14 General, 1978-1980
15 General, 1981-1983
16 Great Lakes Symposium
17 Personal expenses, 1979-1984
16 Program Committee, 1978
 
19 Forest Products Marketing and Management Association: By-laws and newsletters: 1977- 1979
 
Forestry information
 
20 Bibliography: Forestry
21 Booklets
22 Clippings
23 Conservation easements
24 Ecology
25 Environment
26 Forest ecology, current
27 Global warming
28 Illustrations, postcards, etc.
29 Olmsted, Frederick Law
30 Pollution
31 Private property rights
32 Readings & information
33 Solar energy
34 Tropical forestry
35 Wilderness areas
 
Box 4
 
Lumber and paper company information
 
1 Brown Co.
2 Champion International
3 Dead River Company
4 Great Northern Paper
5 International Paper Co.
6 Paper Industry Information Office newspaper
7 Saunders Bros.
Box 4 cont.
 
Lumber and paper company information cont.
 
Folder
 
8 Scott Paper Co.
9 St. Regis
10 Seven Islands Land Company
11 Warren, S.D.
12 Weyerhaeuser
 
Maine

13 Baxter State Park
14 Critical Areas Program, 1980 report
15 Dept. of Conservation: General
16 Dept. of Conservation, Bureau of Public Lands
17 Dept. of Environmental Protection: “Cleaning up the water: private sewage disposal in Maine”
18 Forest Advisory Committee, 1980-1981
19 Forest Practices Act
20 Forest resources regulation
21 Forestry education, 1/27/81
22 Maine Forest Service
23 Maine Forest Service brochures
24-25 Forestry pamphlets and reports
26 Forestry Program Review Committee, 1979
27 Land use laws: Maine
28 Maine Land Use Regulation Commission: Correspondence
29 Laws relating to forestlands of Maine, 1980
30 Legislation: Forestry
31 Legislature
32 Planning for the Forest Resources of Maine: Technical Planning
Doc. No. 1, 1979
33 Planning for the Forest Resources of Maine: Evaluation Document No. 1, 1980
34 Roadside cutting law
35 Statutes: Bureau of Forestry
36 Trespass: Timber
 
37 Miscellaneous brochures
38 National Council of Forestry Association Executives: General information & correspondence
39 National Wildlife Federation
 
Box 4 cont.
 
Natural Resources Council of Maine
 
Folder
 
40 Accounts
41 Affiliates of the Natural Resources Council of Maine, Jan. 1978;
July, 1980
42 Board of Directors: Minutes, etc., 1973-1978
43 By-laws
44 Capital campaign: fundraising
45 Correspondence, 1981-1985
46 Director’s information package, Nov., 1981
47 Environmental congresses, 1971-1978
48 Executive Committee: Minutes, etc., 1973-1975
49 Executive Committee: Minutes, etc., 1976-1978
50 Financial information, 1974-1976
51 Financial information, 1977-1978
52 General, 1970-1974
 
Box 5
 
1 General, 1975-1976
2 General, 1977-1978
3 General, 1979-1980
4 Legislative Reporter, 1973
5 Maine Woods Committee: Minutes, etc.
6 Maine’s Fourth Forest Conference, 1975
7 Membership, 1974
8 Memoranda, 1980- 1981
9 Officers and committees, 1978-1986
10 Officers and directors-at-large, 1980- 1986
11 Search Committee for Executive Director, 1975
12 A synopsis of litter legislation in Maine, 1949- 1971
13 Yankee forest, 1979
 
14 New England Forestry Foundation: General information
15 Northeastern Loggers Association: General information
16 Northern Woods Logging Association
17-19 Private Non-Industrial Forest Owners Conference, July, 1979
20 Private Non-Industrial Forest Owners Conference report, July, 1979
21 Private Non-Industrial Forest Owners Conference, Nov., 1979
22 Private non-industrial forest owners: Studies and reports
 
 
Box 5 cont.
 
Small Woodland Owners Association of Maine
 
Folder
 
23 Annual meetings: Minutes, 1978, 1990’s
24 Appeal letter, 1981
25 Bibliographies: PNIF
26 Blaine House Conference on Forestry, Jan. 21-22, 1981
27 Board of Directors: Minutes, etc., 1989-1998
28 Brochures
29 Brochures (early)
30 Budget, 1980’s
31 By-laws, 1975
32 By-laws, 1980’s-1990’s
33 “Campfires Rekindled”
34 Candidates
35 Carroll Memorial Forest dedication ceremony, 1991
36 CETA: Applicants
37 CETA: General
38 CETA: Kennebec County, 1978
39 CETA: Oxford County
40 CETA: State
41 Chapter foresters: Accounts
42 Chapter foresters committee
43 Chapter foresters: Early drafts & commentary
44 Chapter foresters: Commentary- 3rd draft
45 Chapter foresters: Third draft- C.F. committee
46 Chapter foresters: Commentary, fourth draft
47 Chapter foresters: 4th draft, 4-2-82
48 Chapter foresters Planning Committee, 1981
49 Chapter foresters: Programs of assistance
50 Clippings, etc.
51 Committees
52 Cooperative Extension Service
53 Correspondence, 1975 (first year of SWOAM)
54 Correspondence, 1976-1978
55 Correspondence, 1979-1982
56 Correspondence, 1983-1999
 
 
Box 6
 
Small Woodland Owners Association of Maine cont.
 
Folder
 
1 Development, 1998
2 Development Committee, 1980’s
3 Development Committee data, 1987
4 Down East Chapter: Minutes, etc., 1980-1981
5 Down East Chapter origins
6 Duncan Howlett’s report to Planning Committee, 1997
7 Eastman Hill lot: cruise report and forest management plan, 1995
8 Executive Committee: minutes, etc., 1977- 1990
9 Executive Committee: minutes, etc., 1991-1998
10 Field Day, 8/24/96
11 Final report to SWOAM: Johnson Assoc., Dec. 5, 1986
12 Financial statements, 1989-1998
13 Fliers: Samples
14 Forest Products Marketing Association
15 Forest Society of Maine
16 Garage sale, June ‘78
17 General information
18 “Getting Started in Small Woodland Management” Part 1, by R.H. MacGown, 1976
19 Governors (Maine): Brennan, et al.
20 Grant applications
21 History: SWOAM
22 Incorporation articles
23 Industry, cooperation with
24 IRS: SWOAM
25 Landowner’s guide to forest stewardship practices
26 Land trust information, general
27 Land trust minutes & information, 1989-1998
28 Lansky
29 Lumberman’s Museum
30 Maine Audubon Society
31 Maine Council for the Humanities: Accounts
32 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Extra pages
33 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Commentaries, corres., etc., 1981
34 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Application, 1980
35 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Application, 1981
36 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Participants, 1980
37 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Planning grant, 1980
38 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Planning grant, 1981
39 Maine Council for the Humanities grant: Planning session, 1981

Box 6 cont.
 
Small Woodland Owners Association of Maine cont.
 
Folder
 
40 Maine Council for the Humanities: Information
41 Members
42 National Trust gift
43 Newsletter index, 1976-1994
44 Newsletters, 1976-1980
45 Newsletters,1981
46 Newsletters, 1982
 
Box 7
 
1 Newsletters, 1983-1984
2 Newsletters, 1985-1986
3 Newsletters, 1987-1988
4 Newsletters, 1989-1990
5 Newsletters, 1991-1992
6 Newsletters, 1993
7 Newsletters, 1994
8 Newsletters, 1995-1996
9 Newsletters, 1997
10 Northern Forest Forum, 1978
11 Organizing meeting: SWOAM, March 29, 1975
12 Philosophy of SWOAM
13 Photographs
14 Picture brochure copy
15 Program of assistance to private non-industrial forest owners, 1982
16 Questionnaires
17 Records, 1980- 1982
18 Records, 1984- 1992
19 Resource conservation & development: Threshold to Maine
20 Resource conservation & development: Time & Tide
21 Retreat, SWOAM, 7-14-98
22 Search Committee, Executive Director, 1987
23 Seminar, 1982
24 Seminar proceedings, 1982: “The Small Woodland Owner in Maine”
25 Southern Maine Chapter
26 Steering Committee report, 1975
27 “The SWOAM Cruising Rod” by Parker Johnson, 1981
28 “SWOAM Maine Forest Stewardship Education Initiative” by James H. Wait
29 Think tank proposal, 1996
Box 7 cont.
 
Small Woodland Owners Association of Maine cont.
 
Folder
 
30 Tours
31 Upper Kennebec Valley Chapter
32 WearGuard caps
33 Welch initiative, 1997
34 Western Maine Chapter
35 Year- end appeal, 1979
 
Society of American Foresters
 
36 Forest cover types of North America, 1967
37 General
38 Maine Chapter, 1970- 1988
39 New England Chapter
40 Policy alternatives for non-industrial private forests, 1978
 
States
 
41 State associations: Article, Sept., 1980
42 Alabama Forestry Association
43 Arkansas Forestry Association
44 California: Forest landowners of California
45 Connecticut: Forestry article
46-47 Georgia
48 Indiana Forestry and Woodland Owners Association
 
Box 8
 
1 The forest-land owners of Kentucky
2 The forest-land owners of Maryland
3 Massachusetts Forest & Park Association
4 Michigan Forest Association
5 Minnesota Forestry Association
6 New Hampshire: Controlled Environment Corp. prospectus
7 New Hampshire: Introduction to Forest Management in New Hampshire
8 New Hampshire- Society for the Protection of NH Forests: History
9-11 New Hampshire- Society for the Protection of NH Forests: Publications
12 New Hampshire Timber Owners Association: General information
13 New Hampshire: White Mountain National Forest
14 New York Forest Owners Association
15 New York: The future of the Adirondack Park
Box 8 cont.
 
States cont.
 
Folder
 
16 New York State Timber Producers Association
17 Ohio: The forest-land owners of Ohio
18 Ohio: Northeastern Ohio Forestry Association
19 Ohio Forestry Association
20 Oregon
21 Oregon: Pacific Northwest Region, U.S.F.S.
22 Oregon Small Woodlands Association
23 Pennsylvania Forestry Association
24 Rhode Island
25 South Carolina Forestry Association
26 Tennessee Forestry Association
27 Texas Forestry Association
28 Vermont
29 Virginia Forestry Association
30 Washington Farm Forestry Association
31 West Virginia: The forest-land owners of W. Virginia
32 Wisconsin Woodland Owners Association
 
33 Timber Owners of New England: General information
34-35 US Dept. of Agriculture (US Forest Service) booklets
36 Unity College Center of Environmental Science
 
University of Maine at Orono
 
37 Maine Agricultural Experiment Station
38 Cooperative Extension Service: Brochures
39 Cooperative Extension Service: Extension forestry education plan
40 Cooperative Extension Service: General information, correspondence, etc.
41 U. Maine Forestry School- Articles, coursework, etc.
42 U. Maine Forestry School- Correspondence
43 U. Maine Forestry School- Course descriptions and outlines: School of Forest Resources
44 U. Maine Forestry School- Forest Resources Research Advisory Committee
45 U. Maine Forestry School- Manual of Field & Laboratory Exercises for
FY 1: Introduction to Forest Resources
46 U. Maine Forestry School: Phenology study
47 U. Maine Forestry School: School of Forest Resources
48 U. Maine Forestry School: Silviculture trip, 1971
49 U. Maine Forestry School: Silvics paper, 1971

Box 9
 
University of Maine at Orono cont.
 
Folder
 
1 U. Maine Forestry School: Silvics data, Fy 7
2 U. Maine Forestry School: Symposium on Intensive Culture of Northern Forests, July, 1976
3 U. Maine Forestry School: The University Forest
 
Duncan Howlett’s writings & research notes on trips to foreign woodlots, etc.
 
4 Finland trip, 1973 (correspondence, records, etc.)
5 Finland trip data
6 Finland: American Forests article: correspondence, etc.
7 Finland forestry not visited
8 Finland general
9-11 Finland: Brochures, etc.
12 Finnish Forest Research Institute
13 Scotland forestry article by Duncan Howlett, 1976
14 Assessment of climatic conditions in Scotland, Books 1-3
15 Great Britain: Booklets
16 Great Britain: British forestry, ‘78
17 Great Britain: Brochures & maps
18 Great Britain: “The Doocots of Moray”, by Elizabeth Beaton
19 Great Britain: “The Economy of the Private Woodland in Great Britain”
20-21 Great Britain: Forestry Commission
22 Great Britain: Macaulay Institute for Soil Research annual report,
1973-1974
23 Scotland
24 Scottish Woodland Owners Assoc.
 

Separation Record for Duncan Howlett Papers
 
These publications have been removed from the collection:
 
Forestry: sector policy paper. World Bank, 1978.
 
Maine environment: bulletin of the Natural Resources Council of Maine, 1971-1978.
 
The Maine forest review, Vols. 5, 6, 7 & 10, 1974.
 
The Maine forester, published by students of the School of Forest Resources, University of Maine, 1970, 1971, 1987.
 
NRC Maine environmental bulletin, 1970-1971.
 
U.S. Forest Service. Proceedings of the Symposium on Intensive Culture of Northern Forest Types. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NE-29, 1977.

Finding Aids for selected manuscript collections in the Special Collections Department at Fogler Library are accessible online in URSUS, in a browsable Guide to Manuscript Collections. Please contact Special Collections at spc@umit.maine.edu or (207) 581-1686 for further information.

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Special Collections Staff: spc@umit.maine.edu | Revised: 01/10/2014
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