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Business Law: Citing - Bibliography

For non-legal resources such as journal articles and books, use standard APA citation guidelines (See Citation Help). 

For legal resources (e.g., court cases, statutes), the 2010 Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association includes legal citation examples (p216-224). More examples are available in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation.

Bibliography Format

Court Cases

General rules
  • Omit all parties other than the first listed on each side of the “v.”
  • For names of individuals, use only the surnames.
  • Abbreviate case names, print reporters, and courts.  Abbreviations are available in Table T.6 Case Names of the Blue Book (older edition available online here, (p.284 of pdf).
  • Cite traditional print sources and commercial databases (e.g., LexisNexis Academic) over Internet websites.

Court Case in Print

Fogler Library has the print Supreme Court Reporter (1939 - present)
Sample URSUS record

Court Case from LexisNexis Academic (reported - reporter(s) listed)

Cite print source first (reporter), followed by "available at" and the LexisNexis Academic Identifier.
Sample URSUS record
Sample URSUS record

Court Case from LexisNexis Academic (Unreported, no reporter listed)

List the case name, docket number, database identifier, court name, and date.
Sample URSUS record

Sample URSUS record

Court Case from the Internet

Citing traditional print resources and widely-available commercial databases such as LexisNexis Academic are preferred over cases on Internet websites. However, you may cite the Internet if it helps improve access to the court case. Cite print source first (reporter), followed by "available at" and the website url.
Sample URSUS record
Fogler Library has the Maine Revised Satutes Annotated and the United States Code Service Lawyers Edition in print. Sample URSUS record Sample URSUS record

Statute from the Internet

A source available in traditional print medium or commercial database may be cited to an Internet source if it significantly improves access. For long, complicated URLs, cite the root URL along with parenthetical information on how to access the information.

Truth in Lending Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1601-1605, available at (select Browse, then Title 15).

Created by: Stephen Fadel |  | Revised: 06/23/2014
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