William S. Cohen Papers | Senate Legislative
Materials on Foreign Relations
MS 18.104.22.168 Foreign Relations 1977-1996 15 boxes
In Cohen's Senate office, a range of topics qualified as foreign
relations in addition to foreign policy issues, and these were
managed separately from the Defense: Foreign Relations issues. Staff
members Jim Dykstra, Chris Mellon, Bob Savitt, Sheila Gall, Matthew
Ballard, and Ben Neaderland maintained the files. The following
groups of materials are organized in chronological order, though
there is some overlap both in time and subject. The files within
each subseries are arranged alphabetically.
Record types include correspondence, staff memos, press releases,
trip itineraries, reports, Congressional Research Service reports,
Dear Colleague letters, clippings, hearing transcripts, and
MS 22.214.171.124.1 James Dykstra 1977-1990, inclusive1979-1985, bulk 5
Legislative Assistant James Dykstra worked on Foreign Relations
primarily from 1979 to 1985 for Cohen's office. His files reflect
the Senator's interest in the growing global interdependence of
nations and economies-travel abroad, co-sponsorship of legislation
related to foreign policy, international conferences, and human
rights advocacy around the world. Cohen paid particular attention to
the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977, Central American politics, Middle
East peace negotiations throughout the 1980s, and the views of his
pro-Israeli constituency and the Maine Jewish community in the late
1970s and early 1980s. In 1980, he served on the Commission on
United States Policy Toward the Soviet Union sponsored by the
Council on Foreign Relations. In 1981, he authored a report
entitled, "Global Interdependence of the U.S. and Western Europe: A
Case Study of the Persian Gulf and the Iran-Iraq War."
American Council on Germany, 1979-1981.
Asia: Glomar Java Sea Resolution, 1984-1985.
Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Central America: Contradora, peace by negotiation, 1983-1985.
Central America: foreign relations proposal to the President, 1987.
Central America: Grenada, 1983.
Central America: Kissinger communications, 1983-1984.
Central America: Nicaragua, 1984-1988.
Central America: State Department Publications, 1982-1985.
Chinese-Japanese reports and treaties, 1979-1983.
Cohen, co-sponsors and votes, 1980-1985, 7 folders.
Council of Europe, 1981.
Council on Foreign Relations, 1980-1981, 3 folders.
Council on Foreign Relations, annual reports, 1979-1982, 2 folders.
El Salvador, 1982-1983.
European trip-Israel, 1983.
European trip-London, England, 1983.
European trip-Rome, Italy.
European trip-Stockholm, Sweden, 1983.
European role in Africa and U.S. interests, 1981.
Folts, David: memos, reports, clips, 1980-1981, 2 folders.
Foreign relations, affairs-correspondence, 1982-1985, 2 folders.
Foreign relations series, 1990.
France: panel on U.S. Western Europe relations, 1981.
Global interdependence, U.S. and Western Europe, 1981, 2 folders.
Great Britain, 1980-1981, 3 folders.
Human rights covenants, 1984-1986, 3 folders.
Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Inc., 1982.
Israel: industry, 1982-1986, 2 folders.
Israel: pro-Israel constituency, 1977-1982, 2 folders.
Israel: U.S.-Israeli strategic cooperation, 1984.
Jews in the Soviet Union, 1984.
Middle East: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS),
Middle East Foreing Aid, correspondence, 1981-1985.
Middle East-Israel, 1980-1988, 4 folders.
Miscellaneous reports and memos, 1979-1983.
Oslow, Norway, 1980.
Panama Canal, 1977-1979.
Philippines, advancement of human rights, Ministry of National
Defense, January 1979.
Philippines, the case against Benigno S. Aquino, Jr., Ministry of
National Defense, January 1979.
MS 126.96.36.199.2 James Bodner and Chris Mellon 1985-1991 5 boxes
Chris Mellon and Jim Bodner's files for this period are dominated by
four topics: Nicaragua, the Persian Gulf, apartheid in South Africa,
In 1985, President Reagan, proposed and Congress approved, over $100
million in aid to the democratic resistance movement in Nicaragua in
their effort to defeat a leftist Sandinista regime supported by the
Soviet Union. Accusations of misuse of the funds prompted
controversy that threatened the dispersal of the remaining $40
million in aid in 1986. At the same time, investigations had begun
into the possible illegal solicitation by the Reagan administration
of foreign aid for the "Contras." Cohen was to have a significant
role in the hearings which began in May 1997 in the Senate Armed
Services Committee (see Iran Contra subseries). Background
information and some of Cohen's statements are included here.
The Persian Gulf "troubles" covered in these files began with Iraq's
invasion of Kuwait in the summer of 1990. Operation Desert Shield
brought together a multi-national force to prevent Saddam Hussein's
troops from continuing on to invade Saudi Arabia. In December 1990,
hearings were being held in the Armed Services Committee to debate
the next step. The transcripts in include statements by Gen. Colin
Powell, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, and Henry Kissinger. The
files include Cohen's extensive handwritten notes from these
The United States Congress, overriding a veto from President Reagan,
opposed the South African policy of apartheid in 1986 with economic
sanctions. In 1989, the House passed a measure to strengthen
sanctions, including the immediate ban on American firms doing
business in South Africa, but the bill failed to reach the Senate
floor for a vote. Chris Mellon's comprehensive research files and
memos document the many proposals, statements and debates on U.S.
policy toward South Africa.
Cohen sponsored legislation "to combat terrorism and other forms of
unconventional warfare" (S. 2453) in 1986 with 27 co-sponsors. The
Armed Services Committee's Subcommittee on Sea Power and Force
Projection, chaired by Cohen, held hearings.
African National Congress 1986
Anti terrorism warfare legislation, S.2453 1986
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 1986
Cohen, Contra statement 1987
Congressional Commission on Central America 1986
Congressional Record, rules 1985-86
Constituent correspondence on foreign policy 1988-89
Contra fund controversy
Defense inflation 1985
Fort A.P. Hill retreat, defense reorganization 1985
Full disclosure, Foreign Relations of the United States series 1990
Guatemala plan 1987
Gulf troubles and SASC hearing, Cohen notes 1990-91
Integrated forces 1985
International Red Cross 1986
Iran-Contra statements 1987
Iraq nuclear potential, oil, U.S. policy 1990-91
Joint staff questions 1985
Joint Chiefs of Staff, Chairman 1985-86
Joint Chiefs of Staff, Vice-chairman 1985
Light divisions 1986
Memos, talking points and letters 1983-86
Military readiness and sea power 1984-85
Nicaragua, 7 point plan for peace 1987
Nicaragua Contradora Peace Treaty
Nicaragua insurgency 1986
Nicaragua legislation 1986
Nicaragua, Ortega information 1985
Nicaragua policy concern 1986-87
Nicaragua, resolutions to advance democracy 1986-88
Operation Desert Storm 1991
Operation Desert Storm news 1991
Panama Operation Just Cause 1989
Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Andean hearings, drugs,
President Arias peace plan for Central America 1987
Rapid deployment force 1985-88
Reporting requirements 1986
Saudi Arabia 1986
Saudi trip 1990
Senate Armed Services Committee 1987-90
South Africa 1986-89
South Africa, anti-Apartheid legislation 1988-89
South Africa, Choate appearance, Nambian independence 1989
South Africa, sanctions against
Terrorism briefing 1989
Thank you letters 1987-90
Trilateral Commission 1980?
Veto override statement 1986
Walker Amendments, restrict travel in support of Communism 1987
War Powers Act Amendment 1988-89
Zulu Nations, reports 1986
MS 188.8.131.52.3 Sheila Gall and Matthew Ballard 1986-1994 4 boxes
Sheila Gall followed Chris Mellon in working with Jim Bodner on
foreign relations. She handled issues related to several countries
as well as the United Nations, world hunger, human rights and
terrorism. Matthew Ballard inherited her files and continued on the
same topics in the mid 1990s. The files cover: Robert Gates
confirmation as Director of Central Intelligence in 1991; Operation
Restore Hope in Somalia in 1992-1994; Cohen's membership in the
Strategic Study Group at the Washington Institute for Near East
Policy following the Gulf War; State Department reorganization in
1993; spending for counter-terrorism; the Israeli Enterprise Fund
and loan guarantees; and the embargo on Haiti in 1993. Each file
relates to the 1990s with the exception of files on Nicaragua and
South Africa from the late 1980s.
Access to the records in this subseries is restricted until 2015.
Contact the Special Collections Department for further information.
MS 184.108.40.206.4 Ben Neaderland 1994-1996 1 box
Ben Neaderland worked with Jim Bodner on foreign relations during
Cohen's final two years in the Senate. His files consist of memos
and research providing country-specific background information for
meetings, interviews, or votes-some were addressed to Jim Bodner as
summaries of issues for Bodner to discuss with Cohen. In several
cases, the memos advise Cohen to participate in Dear Colleague
letters such as one about an amendment which would lift an embargo
restricting needed humanitarian aid for Azerbaijan.
Access to the records in this subseries is restricted until 2017.
Contact the Special Collections Department for further information.
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